That Buhari “spoke” to us in HAUSA language is bad enough ESPECIALLY in this period of REGIONAL AGITATIONS flowing from all corners;
That he “chose” the BBC HAUSA SERVICE & not the BBC WORLD is in my opinion a VERY BAD judgment on the part of his media handlers and they should be queried;


1 Corinthians 14:40 KJV_Let all things be done decently and in order.


THE AK 47 PHENOMENON Tools of Modern TerrorHow the AK-47 and AR-15 Evolved Into Rifles of Choice for Mass KillersBy C.J. Chivers with illustrations by Attila FutakiPart 1Time and again it’s the same. A lone gunman or a small group of killers with rifles commits spectacular crimes that seize the attention of the world.The list reaches back decades: the killing of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics in 1972; the school takeover in Beslan, Russia, in 2004; the attacks in Mumbai, India, in 2008; the mall assault in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2013; the killing of more than 100 people in Paris in 2015.Often the rifles are variants of the AK-47, the world’s most abundant firearm, an affordable and simple-to-use assault rifle of Soviet lineage that allows a few people to kill scores and menace hundreds, and fight head-to-head against modern soldiers and police forces.In recent years they have also been descendants of the AR-15, the American military’s response to the Kalashnikov’s spread. Semiautomatic versions of the AR-15 were used by sympathizers of the Islamic State in San Bernardino, Calif., in 2015, and a Mini-14 and an MCX, rifles that fire the same cartridge as the AR-15 and compete with it for market share, were used in the mass shootings in Norway in 2011 and in Orlando, Fla., in June.In the hands of terrorists, military-style rifles have repeatedly been used for swiftly killing on a large scale. How did the Kalashnikov — a disruptive technology that flooded the world almost three generations ago and still retains an outsize role in organized violence — become such a ready amplifier of evil and rage? In what ways did it drive the AR-15 and its competitors to such prominence, too?A militant aimed an assault rifle during a siege in which dozens of people were killed at the Westgate mall in Nairobi, Kenya, in September 2013. ReutersGunmen armed with Kalashnikov assault rifles fled after attacking the offices of the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris in January 2015. ReutersA Cold War ProductPart 2The answers reach to the years immediately after World War II, when the Soviet Union was developing multiple weapons for multiple roles. As Soviet scientists worked on nuclear arms that would freeze borders in place under the fear of total war, teams of gunsmiths and engineers set out in a contest to design a conventional weapon — a rifle — that would combine the rapid-fire ferocity of machine guns with the portability of lighter-weight arms. The weapon was to be a conceptual copy of the sturmgewehr, which Nazi Germany had fielded late in the war.In the evaluations and field trials that followed, Senior Sgt. Mikhail T. Kalashnikov, a wounded veteran of tank warfare on the Soviet Union’s western front, was credited with developing a prototype for a medium-powered rifle capable, like the sturmgewehr, of both automatic and semiautomatic fire.The AK-47, with an effective range beyond the length of a pair of football fields, was accepted in 1947. A few years later, a lighter and easier-to-manufacture update, the AKM, entered mass production in Russia, and was on its way to becoming the standard rifle for almost all Communist ground forces. The weapon soon left its mark.Workers assembling Kalashnikov rifles in Izhevsk, Russia, where the weapons maker Kalashnikov Concern is based. Agence France-Presse — Getty ImagesRussian troops holding Kalashnikovs during a parade rehearsal near Moscow in April 2009. Oxana Onipko/Agence France-Presse — Getty ImagesUnpacking Its AppealPart 3The Kalashnikov line was shorter and lighter than traditional rifles. It was inexpensive to manufacture, built for durability and reliable to an extraordinary degree. With few moving parts, and a design that made its disassembly and reassembly almost intuitive, its basics could be mastered by all manner of combatants — from traditionally instructed conscripts to almost wholly untrained guerrillas — in very little time.The cartridges were smaller than traditional rifle cartridges, which meant that a fighter with a Kalashnikov could carry more ammunition, and be more deadly, than riflemen of previous eras. The rifle’s medium-power cartridges also meant the weapon had little recoil, allowing trainees to learn marksmanship at standard combat ranges with relative ease. These qualities contributed to the weapon’s popularity among those who carried it; in much of the world the Kalashnikov became the everyman’s gun.A disassembled AK-47. The ease with which the weapon can be taken apart and put back together added to its popularity. Royal Military College of ScienceA member of a militia in the self-declared Donetsk People’s Republic in eastern Ukraine brandished a Kalashnikov in August 2014. Sergei Ilnitsky/European Pressphoto AgencyThe Global Spread of KalashnikovsThe Kalashnikov’s physical characteristics alone do not explain its prominence. It was the vast scale of rifle and ammunition manufacture in mammoth arms plants that drove the Kalashnikov to its status as one of the most immediately recognized products of the Communist era, one of the most readily identifiable objects in the world.The maps show the many ways in which it spread. Production began in the Soviet Union in the 1940s before expanding to the vassal states of the Warsaw Pact and to China, North Korea, Yugoslavia and beyond. Tens of millions of the rifles were churned out in planned economies, whether they were needed or not. In the U.S.S.R., where Kalashnikovs were cast as tools of the Motherland’s defense, they entered the civic fabric. Students trained with them in schools.Ammunition plants were built in countries where the rifles were manufactured, ensuring ready supplies. More state forces adopted the weapons and began cartridge production, too. The rifle swept across much of the world. In the 1970s the Soviet Army introduced a new model, the AK-74, which fired a smaller, faster cartridge. Millions of older Kalashnikovs became officially obsolete, freeing them for global trade. Taken together, a series of industrial decisions in planned economies had created conditions for near ubiquity.Countries Where the Rifles Have Been MadeCountries Where Ammunition for the RiflesHas Been MadeCountries Whose Militaries Have Used theRifles as a Main WeaponSources: Armament Research Services, Conflict Armament Research, Igarapé Institute, Peace Research Institute Oslo, Small Arms Survey.The rifles and ammunition were also manufactured in the former countries of Czechoslovakia, East Germany and Yugoslavia, which are not shown here.Guerrilla WarfarePart 4The spread changed modern warfare. As Communist governments passed Kalashnikovs to allies and proxies the rifles assumed an unexpected role: battlefield leveler.Vietnam offered the breakout. Africa had been colonized by small detachments of European soldiers turning machine guns against larger local forces that lacked access to equivalent weapons. In Vietnam, much of that advantage was gone. Guerrillas armed with Kalashnikovs fought toe-to-toe against foot soldiers of a superpower. Modern expeditionary units, facing automatic fire from inexpensive rifles carried by peasants, had met their close-quarters match. Often their ambitions were checked.The Kalashnikov’s superiority to the American M-14 in jungle warfare in Vietnam spurred Robert S. McNamara, the defense secretary at the time, to push the Pentagon to hurry production of a new American assault rifle, the AR-15, which became known as the M-16. The decision would propel assault rifles to their current position as standard military firearms across the world.A 14-year-old boy, a member of the hill tribes known as the Montagnards, held an AK-47 captured from communist forces during the war in Vietnam in August 1968. Henri Huet/Associated PressIn Terrorists’ HandsPart 5After its effectiveness was proved in Vietnam, the Kalashnikov assumed its indelible association as the terrorists’ choice.Hostage-takers with Kalashnikovs scaled an Olympic Village fence in Munich in 1972 and seized members of the Israeli team. The rifle had broken its leash. It was no longer a tool of the state, or Communist ideology. The era of Kalashnikov terrorism had begun, with the world watching live on TV.Instruction in the rifle had by then become a staple of irregular warfare training, including in curriculums at Palestinian camps. Its spread continued to such a grand degree that the Kremlin’s foes began procuring the weapons. American and Pakistani intelligence officers coached Islamic fighters on the particulars of Kalashnikov use in the war to expel Soviet forces from Afghanistan in the 1980s.Originally intended to strengthen authoritarian states, the Kalashnikov had gained outlaw credibility, morphing to a symbol of revolt, blowback, crime and jihad.A militant with the terrorist group that took members of the Israeli Olympic team hostage during the Munich Summer Games in 1972. All of the hostages were killed. Kurt Strumpf/Associated PressMembers of the Afghan mujahedeen in the 1980s. The fighter at the bottom right is holding a Kalashnikov. Associated PressAnti-Soviet rebels, one of whom, at left, is equipped with a Kalashnikov, east of Kabul, in February 1980. Associated PressA Rifle for All AgesPart 6The Kalashnikov’s simplicity, compact size and gentle recoil combine to make it uncannily well-suited for child soldiers.In many wars commanders have provided the rifles to teenagers, and occasionally to combatants yet to reach their teenage years, who in spite of their small stature are able to manage the weapon and carry a large load of ammunition.Kalashnikovs are primary firearms for entire formations of child soldiers, including Joseph Kony’s notorious Lord’s Resistance Army in Africa, and the weapon is routinely used by children who augment rebel or irregular forces in wars around the world.The Islamic State, following the pattern, has made images of its child soldiers posing with Kalashnikovs part of its propaganda routine. They are not alone. Images of child soldiers with Kalashnikovs have been common in many conflicts for decades.A boy from the Mursi tribe in southern Ethiopia with a Kalashnikov rifle in 2007. Pavel Wolberg/European Pressphoto AgencySupporters of the Houthi rebels who are fighting the Yemeni government and a Saudi-led coalition gathered to protest against airstrikes in Sana, Yemen, in April 2015. Yahya Arhab/European Pressphoto AgencyA Palestinian girl held a Kalashinkov as fighters of Al-Quds Brigades, the armed wing of Islamic Jihad, posed with weapons in Gaza City in August 2014. Wissam Nassar for The New York TimesThe American ResponsePart 7Prone to jamming, the M-16 had a rushed and disastrous introduction in the Vietnam War. But most of its early flaws were worked out, and it secured its place in American armories. From there, NATO defense standardization prompted European services to field their own assault rifles, spreading this class of weapons across the non-Communist world.The Kalashnikov had fueled an unheralded arms race. By the 1980s the two lines of weapons — the AK-47 and the AR-15, and their many descendants and spinoffs — were a global pair.Laws in the United States mostly limited civilian possession of AR-15s and their competitors to models that fire semiautomatically only. But as these variants gained popularity with veterans, gun-rights advocates, preppers and, occasionally, with criminals or terrorists, their place in crime grew — even as Kalashnikov production ebbed. Variants of the AR-15 were used in the mass killings in a movie theater in Aurora, Colo., and at Sandy Hook Elementary School in 2012, and by sympathizers of the Islamic State in San Bernardino. An MCX, a recently introduced military-style rifle designed for the Special Forces but available in semiautomatic form for civilians, was used by the lone gunman who attacked a nightclub in Orlando in June.Semiautomatic Kalashnikovs are also part of the mass-shooting routine. The gunman in the 1989 schoolyard shooting in Stockton, Calif., which killed five children and wounded dozens more, attacked his victims with a semiautomatic Chinese Kalashnikov. His crime was part of the impetus for bans on assault-style weapons at the state and national level. The Army veteran who killed five police officers in Dallas in July used a semiautomatic Kalashnikov. It had been made at the original AK-47 plant in Russia to be legal in the West and appeal to hunting and sporting markets.A law enforcement officer looked over evidence after a couple who sympathized with the Islamic State killed 14 people in a gun attack in San Bernardino, Calif., in December. Mario Anzuoni/ReutersSmith & Wesson rifles civilian versions of the AR-15 for sale at a gun show in Loveland, Colo., in 2014. Luke Sharrett for The New York TimesModern ConflictsPart 8In the 1980s and 1990s, as Communism failed, the market economy welcomed Stalin’s old goods. Successor governments continue to unload huge stockpiles, further flooding the world.Among the principal movers of Kalashnikovs has been the Pentagon, which bought them by untold thousands for proxy forces in Afghanistan and Iraq. The Pentagon also distributed tens of thousands of M-16s and the shorter M-4 carbine based on the AR-15 design, to the same forces. Many of these forces failed, yielding their rifles to bazaars or foes, making ever more weapons available on unregulated markets and for dangerous hands.Today the Kalashnikov and AR-15 variants remain the most commonly seen weapons on modern battlefields; their use is central to almost every war. They are a staple of insurgency and terrorism and all but fundamental to the grim routine of mass shootings. The Islamic State has killed far more people in Europe with bullets than with bombs, and controls territory in multiple countries in part through its military rifle stocks.Governments have done little to stop the spread of this class of weapons. Often, as in the case of the United States, they have contributed to it. Acts of crime, terror and oppression with Kalashnikovs and AR-15 descendants, endured by civilians under withering fire, have been hard-wired into our times. There is no end in sight.Syrian opposition fighters celebrated after a battle with government soldiers in Ras al-Ain, near the border with Turkey, in November 2012. Bulent Kilic/Agence France-Presse — Getty ImagesMembers of the Afghan National Army trained with American-issued M-16s in March at Camp Bastion in Helmand Province, under the supervision of American troops. Adam Ferguson for The New York TimesA Kurdish gunman raised his AK-47 in front of a burning house that had been occupied by Shiite militiamen during clashes in Tuz Khurmato, Iraq, in April. Goran Tomasevic/ReutersC.J. Chivers is a reporter for The New York Times, a former Marine and the author of “The Gun,” a history of the Kalashnikov line and its effects upon security and war. Follow him on Twitter.Attila Futaki is a Hungarian cartoonist for the New York Times Best-Seller Percy Jackson graphic novels, “Severed” and “Conan.”Produced by Meghan Louttit, Shreeya Sinha, Rumsey Taylor and Josh Williams. Colors by Greg Guilhaumond. Map by Sarah Almukhtar.


Despite the glaring “faults” of the American society,it is still decent enough to recognise and say “NO” to a man(RAY RICE is his name) who descended into the character traits of beasts to punch a woman,even worse his wife!
That’s the contradiction that pervades the Nigerian society where I live! Here a Sitting State Governor can traumatise his wife and everybody would clap for him!Here a State Governor can lock up his wife in a dungeon and feed her with dog’s food and no one would blink!Here a wife of a sitting State Governor would escape the “hell”called the “State House” to tell of her trauma in the hands of her Stae Governor husband-and everybody would look on and the Governor will still be called “his Excellency”!
Here a Pastor would turn his wife into a second class citizen,a punching bag and run after useless girls and the Church would clap for him!
Here, Some Senators,some House of Reps.members,some State Governors, some Ministers,some Commissioners and some of their followers would take delight in fondling the breasts of stray girls at night clubs and return home to batter their wives and the society will still vote for them! Here the human rights community is helpless when it comes to standing and standing firm agaist incidences of domestic violence in high places! Its high time we ALL rise up in Nigeria and march against this evil called ‘DV'(Domestic Violence)…because it’s worse than “EVD”(Ebola Virus Disease)! RAY RICE deserved what he got and ..more!


I just read a piece on “WHO IS NIGERIA’S HISTORY TEACHER” by Abimbola Adelakun IN YESTERDAY’S (27/02/2013) EDITION OF “The Punch” and I cannot but agree with the lady in toto on the opinion, observations and conclusion in that beautiful piece.

It is a pity that Nigerian leaders especially the present crop, are bereft of any sense of history! The poverty of knowledge in all strata of governance is displayed in the way we handle and react to what could otherwise be a source of succor and upliftment to our people.

Pray, why should the government rub insult into injury by proceeding with the profitless “centenary celebrations” when the leaders of tomorrow are being slaughtered, raped, burnt, kidnapped and harassed every day?

Why should a spineless and incoherent government proceed with the scandalous “centenary celebrations” when Nigerians are queuing for PMS in a country blessed and endowed as ours?

Why should a government whose leaders are clueless about restoring the epileptic, comatose and wholesomely decapitated power sector while the citizens grope in darkness and burn litres of PMS/diesel every day and night just to light up their homes?

Why should a government whose legitimacy is questionable be hell-bent in celebrating a British contraption when the citizens are asking that the contraption be renegotiated or even be dismantled?

Is it not an irony for a government that prides itself on a puerile and amoeban transformation agenda to list ABACHA,BABANGIDA,DANJUMA,MURTALA MOHAMMED,YAR’ADUA(Late President),QUENN ELIZABETH,LORD LUGARD & HIS WIFE ETC.,ETC., as deserving of any honour when it is glaring they were and are still part of the problems in Nigeria? I wonder why “Alams”,Anini,Boko-Haram,Bin-Laden,etc are not included in the honours lists.

Is it not an irony that in a country where our oil wealth is being plundered in the very noses and eyes of our leaders, we still find it convenient to look the other way and celebrate a centenary of corruption and filthy lucre?

Is it not a wrong time to give ourselves éclat when our anti-graft bodies (EFCC & ICPC) are bereft(from their open confessions) of the necessary wherewithal to tackle corruption especially in the NNPC headlong?

Is it not shameful to gather “world leaders” in Abuja and invite musicians like “Tu-Face” and co. to sing meaningless songs in praise of inefficiency in the face of glaring and grueling poverty among the majority of our people?
Do our leaders think at all? Do they see beyond their noses? Do they know what it takes to lead? Do they have workable plans at all? Do they have a modicum of shame at all?

Is it not a shame and a telling indictment on the type of “snailish” progress we have made that Britain (our colonial leaders) refused to attend the centenary celebrations with any conspicuous or high level representations?

At best why couldn’t the government have postponed the celebrations to a later date as a mark of respect for the slain souls? After all Nigeria was amalgamated in JANUARY 1914 AND NOT MARCH?

What sort of country is this?

The questions go on and on…and the answer will come only IF the people are ready to damn the consequences and as Bob Marley said dare to “…..….chase the bald-heads out of town”

God bless NIGERIA!



Looking at the latest advert on “PORTING” by the GSM providers in Nigeria, I get the impression that some of them were not adequately prepared for the deluge of interest it would generate among the Nigerian public-at least the interest in seeing which advert would best convince you to “port” at the port best considered big enough to take your “ship”.
Before the advent of the “porting war”,there was another type of war which war was to attract subscribers from one network to another competing firm. Then, there was this fight between MTN and ETISALAT in Nigeria,where you saw “Osofia”and “Mama Gee” in their big,bold,youthful and daring sunglasses doing all they could to tell us that MTN was the best you could get among the GSM subscribers with the right appeal to the youth!Not long after,we saw ETSALAT in an apparent joke on MTN splashing us with an innuendo that portrayed the same “Osofia” attempting to switch from MTN to ETISALAT because of the bonus gift ETISALAT was dangling at Nigerians.In the same advert,we saw “SAKA”-mouth agape, with unbelievable glee saying to Osofia “….ha..YOU?…’THEN THE JOKE WAS ON MTN!
I am sure MTN felt slighted, bruised, jabbed and clobbered below the belt by this upcoming BUT daring competitor-ETISALAT! Our thought then was that the “war” had ended shortly after, not knowing that MTN never will forget and forgive..NEVER.

Enter the “porting game” and the second day saw our screen beaming with….wait for Him—SAKA(of ETISALAT fame) SINGING( OF ALL THINGS) FOR MTN–


“What Am I seeing?..”said my wife who was sitting with me when the advert came up “….SAKA singing?..Yeee ..Who did this to SAKA? … Why are his eyes popping out as if he is under pressure..? is it by force you must sing..?” On and on the questions of surprise.
”Now the war proper has begun..”I said to my wife because the joke IS NOW ON ETISALAT.
Any observant watcher of these advert wars would agree that MTN sure has outwitted (for the time being?) ETISALAT and other competitor in this game!

Back to SAKA.I never thought the man could sing and dance-left to right,right to left a-la-Michael Jackson!In fact If SAKA could sing and dance,then I can!You can too.Who would not?With such mouth-watering account (I heard it’s in the neighbourhood of 5 or 6m or more for SAKA)!Who would not wake up at night every two hours to master the “porting dance” and declare thereafter like SAKA that “I have conquered poverty”
This transformation is a telling lesson that you can achieve ANYTHING you dream of with the right attitude.We only need a little push-like SAKA.

I am sure if you asked him,he would have stories to tell: of countless mis-steps,countless mis-voice-overs,countless “can I do this?” countless gaffes; countless discouragements, jeers et al BUT at last “I DON PORT O..”arrived and voila SAKA the “musician and dancer” …..and conqueror!
If you are in doubt of what you can achieve today watch the porting dance of SAKA and let his story encourage you. He waded through poverty, rejections, disdain and almost everything negative to “port” at “Fortune Avenue”!
Well done SAKA! Whoever did this to you has done well or “RIVER” as I would say.

By the way-have you “ported”?-That’s for another day.

Have a brilliant today on your way to a more brilliant future.

God bless Nigeria and Remember—–YOU MUST BE BORN AGAIN!!

© SLI-2013


Recently, I was listening to a news item on a Nigerian newspaper headline that sounded like this “Govt.Plans to Ban The Use of BLACKBERRY In Nigeria”. Hey that would be nice. Wouldn’t it?

At last we would be spared the nauseating sights of girls ( I refuse to call them “ladies”) on “okada” “BlackBerrying” away with all careless abandon for their safety! We would be spared the sights of robotic humans fixing their attention only on their BLACKBERRY while walking along the avowed Nigerian dangerous city  roads! We would be spared the nauseating and disrespectful juniors ignoring the presence and to wit-the instructions of their seniors, in preference to the commanding and ubiquitous presence of the BLACKBERRY! Imagine what peace would descend into every home at the ban of the BLACKBERRY if women/wives were deprived (a-la BLACKBERRY ban) the opportunity of romancing their BLACKBERRY on cold nights instead of their “poor” and “lonely” hubbies! Oh the agony of seeing your wife glued endlessly to the BLACKBERRY and pinging the “lifeless” black machine instead of “pinging” your lip or body!

 Would you not prefer the ban of the BLACKBERRY to the now rampant use of same even by students and candidates while writing exams? Would you not prefer to cast your vote for the ban of the BLACKBERRY to seeing those lewd, explicit and “X”-rated pictures pinged almost “per second, per second”(as my father of blessed memory would say)  without caring for decorum and decency?

How about rumours? You can’t punch a hole in the argument that the most veritable avenue for spreading dangerous,seditious,nerve-wracking,defamatory,polity- inflaming and if you like-devilish rumours in this day and age in Nigeria is…wait for it….the BLACKBERRY! I get a feeling that Hollywood, Bollywood, Nollywood and music stars would heave a sigh of relief at the final answer to their prayers through the ban of the intruding BLACKBERRY! We would be free from pings like “have you heard that ……is now dating the wife of……….”-with the name of a pop,film,economic or political rising or shining star inserted without caring for the veracity of same!

BlackBerry-the first thing “addicts” pick in the morning instead of morning devotions and the last thing they resort to instead of saying “goodnite” to their Creator!

The verdict against the BLACKBERRY  in Nigeria at this time is “guilty, guilty, guilty, and guilty as charged” therefore welcome to-Nigeria-the land where BLACKBERRY is indeed black in colour, black character, black in usage, black in reputation, black in everything!

While agreeing that the use of BLACKBERRY may be getting out of hand and is being abused, can we exonerate other means of communication in this ICT age? If BLACKBERRY is banned, “Darkberry” would be born!

I honestly think the ban, if carried through, would be a wrong step in the wrong direction that would give birth to wrong and un-envisaged consequences! For instance we would have a more underground/dangerous form of social medium to grapple with.

 By the way, I don’t have a BLACKBERRY and i have no intention of buying one! Not that I’m averse to the use of communication gadgets-not at all.in fact i have a state –of-the art- android phone as well as a HD tablet. I am not cut out for the BLACKBERRY but that does not say others shouldn’t use it. To now take it to the ridiculous level of banning it would be like killing a newt with a TNT!

If the rumour is true, I think the government is getting too jittery over small matters that should be tackled through sensitisation!

Wait a minute! This can’t be true. It’s only a rumour and i didn’t get it through the BLACKBERRY. I got it on the newspaper review on TV! Shouldn’t the Nigerian government consider banning the TV or better the DSTV, the MYTV, the STARTIMES, the DAARSAT and the MULTI TV in addition to the BLACKBERRY?

 Rumours, rumours and more rumours! Have a good day with your life!

© SLI-2013